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Some newly married brides suffer domestic violence in the form of harassment, physical abuse or death when she is thought to have not brought enough dowry with marriage.
Some cases end up in suicides by hanging, self-poisoning or by fire.
A 1999 study examined the prevalence and characteristics of domestic abuse in five districts of northern India during 1995–1996.
The study reported that in those five districts, lifetime prevalence of domestic abuse ranged from 18% to 45%.
In 2010, the Supreme Court of India issued notice seeking data and explanation for rise in honor killings to the states of Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.It replaced several pieces of anti-dowry legislation that had been enacted by various Indian states.Murder and suicide under compulsion are addressed by India's criminal penal code.Of the Indian women who participated in the study, 7.5% reported attempting suicide.This correlation is supported by the high rates of domestic violence in India, although the rates differ greatly by region, individual socioeconomic status and other factors.
Gifts given without a precondition are not considered dowry, and are legal.